1432 Goncalo Velho discovers the island of Santa Maria
1439 First known letter to document the existence of the Azores Islands (mentioning only seven islands not nine)
1439 First settlers come from the Algarve and other regions of Portugal
1443-44 The Portuguese discover the Island of Sao Miguel. Portuguese colonists inhabit the island.
1444 Volcanic explosion of large mountain at west end of Sao Miguel leaving a crater which today is the Sete Cidades
1450 Henry of Portugal grants the island of Terceira to Jacome de Bruges, a member of one of the richest families in Bruges
1452 Diogo and Joao de Teive discover the Islands of Flores and Corvo
1453 Afonso V gives Corvo to Afonso, Duke of Braganca
1462 Maria de Vilhena inherits Corvo and asks Willem Van Der Hagen for settlers to be sent to her island. However, settlers are taken to Flores instead.
1466 Afonso V gives the Azores to Duchess Isabella of Burgundy as a gift
1468 Joos van Huerter names Captain-Donatary of Faial
1473-74 Afonso V reoganizes the islands’ adminitration to block Charles, Duke of Burgundy’s take over
1473-74 Rui Goncalves da Camara becomes the first official Captain-Donatary of Sao Miguel and Terceira is taken from the de Bruges family
1482 Formal administration is set up in Pico
1504 Flores and Corvo are sold to Joao de Fonseca
1522 Major earthquake destroys Vila Franco do Campo former capital of Sao Miguel killing 5000 people. Capital is relocated to Ponta Delgada.
1564 Ponta Delgada is designated a city
1580-1640 Under the Spanish Crown, Kingdoms of Spain and Portugal formed the Iberian Union
1583 Azores are occupied by Spain and become a staging base for the Spanish Fleets
1640 The Portuguese Restoration War, a rebellion against Spain, begins
1667 King Alfonso VI is overthrown by his brother, Pedro, and exiled to the island of Terceira
1668 A treaty is signed, the Iberian Union dissolves, and the Portuguese Monarchy is restored
1684 Count of Ribeira Grande marries Constance de Rohan, Princess of Soubise
[The timeline was compiled by John Vasconcellos and Melody Lassalle]